Periodontal (Gum) Disease
Orange County Santa Ana CA
Periodontal disease refers to infection of the gums, which if not treated will gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth.
Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals.
Periodontal disease and decay are both caused by bacterial plaque. Plaque is a soft colorless/creamy film, made of bacteria and bacteria’s by-products. Plaque constantly forms on the teeth, especially around the gum line. If this soft plaque is not removed within the first 48 hours by proper flossing and brushing, it will become hard and will stick to the teeth firmly. Once plaque is hardened it is called calculus (or tartar). At this stage it cannot be removed with flossing and brushing.
Bacteria found in plaque produce toxins or poisons that irritate the gums, which may cause them to turn red, swell and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing deep pockets (spaces) to form. As periodontal disease progresses, the supporting gum tissue and bone that hold teeth in place will deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss.
Why is oral hygiene so important?
Adults over 35 lose more teeth to periodontal (gum) disease than from cavities. Three out of four adults are affected at some time in their life. The best way to prevent cavities and periodontal disease is by being consistent and diligent in proper tooth brushing and flossing techniques twice a day.
Preventing Gum Disease
The best way to prevent gum disease is to follow proper guidelines of brushing and flossing twice a day as well as regular professional examinations and cleanings. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent its progress.
Other important factors affecting the health of your gums include:
- Clenching and grinding teeth
- Poor nutrition
After examining your teeth, bone, gums, bite and nutrition, Dr. Saleh can properly diagnose your periodontal health and recommend treatment and maintenance protocol to not only get you healthy but keep you healthy. Please call us at Santa Ana Phone Number 714-546-5579 to make your preferred appointment.
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